True or false:

Your CV can unlock the closed doors of the potential employers.


TRUE
The first impression of you is created by your CV and one thing is for sure – you do not want to make it the only one. The good-looking, well-presenting, but still credible and realistic CV can urge the potential employer to spend a couple of minutes talkingto you and exploring your professional expertise and potential.


It is a tricky issue how to write your CV.


TRUE
Hundreds of CVs arrive further to an ad or even without a specific reason and the person in charge of the human resources is limited with respect to the available time for screening and interviewing. The most of the CVs are pretty standard, containing similar information (especially when it comes to describing one and the same position) and sometimes it is up to the employers’ personal inclination whether they will like, hence pick up your CV. It is very difficult to be original and still professional, detailed enough without being too wordy, remarkable nevertheless your jobs have been quite conventional. However, you can always create the impression that you have taken a time and devised a CV, tailored to the specific company you apply to.


The perfect CV is one page long and no more


FALSE
Have you ever enjoyed a movie by only reading its short outline on the poster? In the same way you cannot expect that the potential employers will be fascinated and intrigued by only having a glance at what you have jotted down. An extensive job history with a changing career and significant training background cannot be summarized in one-page format if you aim at creating a detailed idea about your capabilities. The size should be considered as constrain only in terms of being reasonable when telling the others what you have done so far.

On the other hand if you are in the beginning of your professional development path or you have just graduated do not try to impress the potential employers with a sizeable CV containing nothing but your transcript.


The CV format is more important than the content.


FALSE
This statement sounds like “be nice and shut up”. The format of the CV gives some idea about the general presentation ability of the person and of course it is totally unacceptable to have it hand-written. However, it is equally important to have an adequate content presenting facts, dates and achievements.

CV Formats

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It is true that the CV format is what is remembered and it is highly recommendable to avoid the traditional layouts and to be creative, but still there are some types of data that should be presented in one way or another.

The CV should comprise at least four essential categories:

  • Professional History
  • Educational Background
  • Additional Skills and Competencies,
  • Personal Data

(See CV Formats)

Professional History:

  • This category should state clearly what is your professional expertise in terms of obtained experience as a full-time or part-time employee, free-lancer or at an internship position.
  • The professional history section can be organized according to one of the following principles:
    • Functional – appropriate for applicants who have made significant changes in their careers by switching from one field to another one or by changing jobs very often.
    • The second principle – which is more commonly applied – is the listing of occupations according to their sequence - in a chronological or an opposite order.
    • However, the listing of the positions you have held and the respective companies is just not enough: in order to be able to give some idea about the type of the assignments you have performed, you should briefly describe the essence of your duties and responsibilities at the time you have occupied the positions. Ideally, you can also describe your status in the hierarchy by stating the position that you have reported to, as well as the positions you have supervised.
  • When it comes to stating your employments you should clearly specify the starting date and the time you left. Of course, no one expects to have the exact days written down, but you should indicate the month and the year: it really makes a difference whether you have worked in the Company “X” from December 98 till January 99 or from January 98 till December 99.
  • Sometimes, due to confidentiality motives you might be tempted not to mention the name of the companies you worked for or you are still working for.
    • However, it always sounds strange to the potential employer that you fear to reveal the names: the first implication would be that you are hiding something that may put you in a disadvantaged position – an unhappy employer, weak performance, etc.
    • It is equally unpleasant to the employers to think that you might have doubted their professionalism and business ethics with respect to preserving confidentiality.
    • If this is your major concern you should handle it prior to applying. Try to gather references and assess the credibility of the company you apply to. If you are applying further to a blind ad (you don’t know the company’s identity), you should estimate the risk of being “betrayed” against your willingness to be invited to an interview. Generally, the employers are expected to aim at attracting the best people therefore, they are supposed to observe the confidentiality rules.

Educational Background:

  • With respect to your education what matters most is the highest degree you have obtained.
    • You should state clearly the University you have graduated from, your major and the obtained degree.
    • It is important to pinpoint when you have started as well as when you finished your studies.
    • If you are still studying you should claim the expected date of your graduation as well as whether you are a full-time or distant learning student.
  • If your secondary school was a specialized one (i.e. language school, school of mathematics or natural sciences, etc.) it would be useful to have this fact stated in your CV.
  • Any additional courses, professional trainings, workshops and certificates obtained that evidence for gained knowledge and abilities are assets and should be made visible to the potential employer.

Additional Skills and Competencies:

  • Due to the demanding and challenging environment the applicants are expected to have excellent command of foreign languages, to be able to use sophisticated software applications, to have good communication skills, organizational abilities, people management skills, analytical approach to problem-solving and decision making.
  • Experience and knowledge evidencing these types of competencies are highly valued hence should be made known to potential employers.

Personal Data:

  • There are lots off discussions going on and concerning the extent to which the personal information should be a subject to the CV.
  • One thing is for sure: in your CV you should state at least your name and contact details otherwise it will be a matter of providence to have the employers answering your interest in meeting them.
    • Very often the contact details are limited only to a post address, which although essential is not enough.
    • Pressed by the time the human resources people prefer to contact you by phone and if for any reason you have not stated one you are risking not to be contacted at all.
    • When you don’t have an own telephone you can write down a phone of a relative, friend of yours, person whom you can easily contact and whom you trust. In this case you should also pinpoint that messages can be left, because otherwise the human resources people can refuse to disclose their reasons for calling you due to confidentiality rules.
    • When you write down telephone numbers make sure that there is one, at which you are reachable during daytime. It is up to the human resources professionals’ good will to make an extra-effort and call you in the evenings.
    • Don’t forget the modern communication channels, more specifically Internet. Get an email. You can even make a free-email account at some of the popular web sites.
  • With respect to issues, such as marital status and age, it is strongly disputable whether they should be declared.
    • The traditional American approach, which is more and more operated in Western Europe, suggests that it is a matter of discrimination to select staff based on their age and personal engagements.
    • It is not fair to have these factors influencing your match to a position. However, some employers have built a stereotype according to which specific features of individuals’ personal status might affect his/her productivity at work.
    • Sometimes there is certain logic behind similar requirements: some professions require excessive physical effort which is not affordable for an elder person; other jobs have the image to be occupied by youngsters; specific positions require extensive traveling – something like being out of home for four days in a week – hence typically they are not accepted by female applicants who have small children. It is true that it is a matter of self-assessment whether a person can cope with similar job requirements or not. However, it is the other side that is demanding to make the final judgment during the recruitment and selection procedure.

Achievements:

  • This category is optional but a CV of an applicant with over 2 years of experience is expected to support his/her statements for professional competence with facts.
    • These facts can refer to achieved sales volume, of expanded market share, value of saved financial resources, number of successfully hired people, types of successfully launched projects, creation of new product/service, implemented proposals for optimization of work processes, put into practice production or other technical methods, etc.
    • For the fresh graduates the achievement can represent successfully passed study-projects, achieved score from the final exams, other rewards.
  • When referring to a fact as an achievement make sure that it is relevant to the position you are applying to and also that it would be considered as an achievement by the employer too. Otherwise, what you have stated might be interpreted as evidence that you are inclined to set moderate goals rather than ambitious ones.

Referrals

It is considered to be a good indication when you have quoted names of referees in your CV. However, it is of no use to only state that references are available upon request: it should be this way by default.

The employers will expect that you will have somebody to "vote" for your application. In the best case you should be able to write down in your CV the names of ex-employers, colleagues with established reputation in the business word, partners, clients, professors who can advocate your application. Contact phone numbers should accompany the names. However, before citing contact details of referees make sure you will get the best possible reference. ( See References)

CV Formats

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Curriculum Vitae
Name

Professional History:

 

From month/year – presently
(Last job)

Name of the company, Position held
Brief outline of the duties and responsibilities inherent to the position held.

From month/year – to month/year
(Previously held job)

Name of the company, Position held
Brief outline of the duties and responsibilities inherent to the position held.

From month/year – to month/year
(Previously held job)

Name of the company, Position held
Brief outline of the duties and responsibilities inherent to the position held.

From month/year – to month/year
(First job ever held)

Name of the company, Position held
Brief outline of the duties and responsibilities inherent to the position held.

 

Education:

 

From year – to year

Name of the educational institution – higher education
Major, Degree obtained
Expected graduation (for students)
Major courses (for students with no limited experience)

From year – to year

Name of the educational institution – secondary school
Specialization (stated only if the school offers some specific specialization)

Additional qualification:

Type of training course, Institution that delivered the training, duration (period when the training was carried out), certificates (if relevant)
Workshop, Institution that delivered the workshop, duration (period when the training was carried out)


Additional Skills:
Language skills: language – level of spoken, written and comprehension skills
Computer skills: listing of applications
Driving license: yes/no
Other: type writing, web design, creative advertising, specific financial skills, people management skills, etc.

Personal data:
Age
Contact details


Curriculum Vitae
Name


Professional History:

Business Field, Position (the most senior one), number of years of holding equivalent jobs

Companies covered
Professional competencies covered that are related to this position
Subordinated positions (if any)
Major achievements at these positions

Business Field, Position (more junior one), number of years of holding equivalent jobs

Companies covered
Professional competencies covered that are related to this position
Subordinated positions (if any)
Major achievements at these positions

Business Field, Position (starting one), number of years of holding equivalent jobs

Companies covered
Professional competencies covered that are related to this position
Major achievements at these positions

 

Education:

 

From year – to year

Name of the educational institution – higher education
Major, Degree obtained

From year – to year

Name of the educational institution – secondary school
Specialization (stated only if the school offers some specific specialization)

Additional qualification:

Type of training course, Institution that delivered the training, duration (period when the training was carried out), certificates (if relevant)
Workshop, Institution that delivered the workshop, duration (period when the training was carried out)


Additional Skills:
Language skills: language – level of spoken, written and comprehension skills
Computer skills: listing of applications
Driving license: yes/no
Other: type writing, web design, creative advertising, specific financial skills, people management skills, etc.

Personal data:
Age
Contact details

CV Examples

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Curriculum Vitae
Victor Nikolov


Professional History:

 

From Sept. 1996 – presently 

Real& Real, National Sales Manager
Responsible for the sales of 5 food and 3 soft drinks brands at a notional level. Maintains distribution network and managers a team of 20 sales representatives. Designs and implements sales strategies.

From March 1993 to Sept. 1996 

ABC Trading, Regional Sales Manager
Managed the sales of chewing gums for the region of West Bulgaria. Developed the distribution network in the region. Introduced two new brands of chewing gums.

From Nov. 1991 to March 1993

ABC Trading, Sales Representative
Responsible for selling chewing gums in Sofia. Established contacts with clients, negotiated terms and concluded deals.

Education:

 

From 1986 - 1990

University of National and World Economy,
Major: Marketing, Master Degree

From 1981-1986

English Language School, Sofia

Additional qualification:

Sales Training, ABC Trading Vienna, September 1992
Advanced Sales, ABC Trading, Vienna, March 1993
Territory Management, ABC Trading, Vienna, June 1995
Sales Management, Real & Real, London, February 1997
People Management, IPD, London, June 1998



Additional Skills:
Language skills: Fluent English, Very good French
Computer skills: MS Office, VBA, Internet
Driving license: yes
Other:people management skills
Completed Military Service


Personal data:
Age: 33 years
Contact details: (+359 2) 458569 (home); 088 343434


Curriculum Vitae
Miroslav Petrov

Professional History:

Human Resources Director - 5 years; Training Manager - 2 years; HR Assistant - 3 years

Gemini Trans, Real & Real, Seanders

Professional competencies:
  • Human resources planning
  • Recruitment and selection
  • Performance appraisal
  • Training
  • Compensation and benefits
  • Trade union relations

  • Subordinated positions:
  • Training Manager
  • Recruitment Manager
  • Compensation and Benefits Manager

  • Major achievements at these positions:
  • Developed and implemented personnel management procedures
  • Designed and organized training and assessment center
  • Developed a performance appraisal scheme
  •  

    Accounting, Payroll Accountant, 1year and 6 months

    AccountingConsult

    Professional competencies:
  • Prepared salaries for several big companies, including processing business trip documents, paid leaves and maternity leaves
  •  

    Education:

     

    From 1982 - 1987

    University of National and World Economy,
    Major: Marketing, Master Degree

    From 1978-1982

    English Language School, Sofia

    Additional qualification:

    HR Management, Gemini Trans, Vienna, Sept. 1999
    Management, IPD, London, June 1998


    Additional Skills:
    Language skills: Fluent English, Very good French
    Computer skills: MS Office, VBA, Internet
    Driving license: yes
    Other:financial management skills
    Completed Military Service

    Personal data:
    Age: 37 years
    Contact details: (+359 2) 235669 (home); 088 565656


    Video Advice

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    Comments (5/10)
    Илина Маринова - JobTiger 2015, 6 April 16:13
    Здравейте, JobTiger вече не предлага възможността за качване на автобиография от външен файл, но можете да си създадете нова автобиография във Вашия профил в JobTiger.bg.
    Михаил Литвиненко 2015, 5 April 15:08
    Здравейте, имам идентичен проблем като Пламен Петков - искам да кача автобиография от външен файл, но не намирам опцията - да не би вече да е премахната?
    Пламен Петков 2015, 1 April 13:46
    Исках да си актуализирам автобиографията , като изтрия старата и кача външен файл , но не виждам да има опция за качване . какво трябва да направя ?
    Теодор 2015, 12 March 17:41
    Страхотно, много ми помогна.
    deniiiii 2011, 9 October 13:02
    qkoooooooooooooooooooo
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